What we’re reading: Muslim Republicans, Tyler’s role in a national education debate, and more

Tyler made a couple high-profile appearances in national media stories recently. If you didn’t catch them, we wanted to share, along with another national article we suspect you’ll really like.

Here’s what we’ve been reading lately—and if you’ve come across something great recently that you’d like to share, please drop a link here on our Facebook page!

Is Education a Fundamental Right?

The New Yorker, September 10, 2018

If you’re ever attended a public school board meeting in Tyler, you’ve probably been in the Jim Plyler Instructional Complex, a nondescript facility at the southwest edge of the Azalea District. What you might not know is that in the late 1970s, former Tyler public schools superintendent Jim Plyler was at the center of an incredibly consequential—though little known—Supreme Court decision regarding American education. The case examined whether undocumented children in Tyler had the right to attend public schools for free, like all other children in the district. The New Yorker magazine recently unpacked the case, and how it could shape modern-day cases being fought over the same issues. “Before sunrise on a morning just after Labor Day, 1977, Humberto and Jackeline Alvarez, Felix Hernandez, Rosario and Jose Robles, and Lidia and Jose Lopez huddled together in the basement of the United States Courthouse in Tyler, Texas, the Rose City, to decide just how much they were willing to risk for the sake of their children, for the sake of other people’s children, and for the sake, really, of everyone,” the piece begins.

Current TISD attorney John Hardy makes an appearance in a 1981 transcript of a back-and-forth he had during oral arguments with then-Justice Thurgood Marshall:

During oral arguments, Marshall peppered John Hardy [who remains an attorney for TISD today], representing Plyler, about what the State of Texas did and did not provide for undocumented immigrants:

Marshall: Could Texas deny them fire protection?

Hardy: Deny them fire protection?

Marshall: Yes, sir. F-i-r-e.

Hardy: Okay. If their home is on fire, their home is going to be protected with the local fire services just—

Marshall: Could Texas pass a law and say they cannot be protected?

Hardy: —I don’t believe so.

Marshall: Why not? If they could do this, why couldn’t they do that?

Hardy: Because . . . I am going to take the position that it is an entitlement of the . . . Justice Marshall, let me think a second. You . . . that is . . . I don’t know. That’s a tough question.

Marshall: Somebody’s house is more important than his child?

For more on Tyler’s outsized role in shaping our views—and laws—regarding public education and questions of access across Texas and the country, here’s our 130-year timeline of race and education in Tyler, with appearances by several figures you’ll read about in the New Yorker piece.

For A Lot Of Muslim Republicans, Their Party’s Over

Buzzfeed News, September 7, 2018

“Anwar Khalifa is about as Texan as you can get. He speaks in a sharp twang and cruises around in a Chevy truck with real longhorns mounted on the front. He never skips ‘worship day,’ he taught his three daughters to shoot, and, most important for his standing in Tyler society, the 57-year-old is a lifelong Republican.” That’s the opening paragraph of a long and wonderfully reported piece in Buzzfeed News about how Muslim Republicans, like Tyler’s own Anwar Khalifa, a local builder and fixture of community involvement, are grappling with what they see as an ever-widening gulf between their political and cultural identities:

“Khalifa’s loyalty to the GOP runs deep, and yet he’s down to maybe two Republican candidates he says he can vote for in good conscience in the November midterm elections. His East Texas ballot will include a candidate who apologized after approving a white nationalist rally, a bankruptcy-plagued radio host nicknamed ‘the Trump of Texas,’ and a state official who compared Syrian refugees to rattlesnakes. Oh, and Sen. Ted Cruz. (‘Just evil,’ Khalifa said.)”

A lot of national reporting on local issues gets fairly pegged as “parachute journalism”—a pejorative term for the work of a big-city reporter who drops in from afar for a day or two, stuffs their notebook with cherry-picked quotes that amplify stereotypes and flatten local complexity, and then dashes off to the next far-flung outpost, leaving a trail of rightfully pissed-off locals in their wake. This piece from Buzzfeed News is not that. Reporter Hannah Allam captures important truths about what it has long meant to “belong” in a place like Tyler, how the desire to belong can bump up against other parts of one’s life, and how all of that might be changing. She did that through careful, patient, and thoughtful reporting—so good that I’m kicking myself that The Tyler Loop didn’t tell this story first. Hats off.

How Connected Is Your Community to Everywhere Else in America?

The New York Times, September 19, 2018

My last pick isn’t specifically about Tyler. It’s an interactive project from The New York Times analyzing gobs of Facebook data to determine how far Americans tend to live from the people they’re friends with (or at least, friends with on Facebook).

“America is often described as a place of great divides — between red and blue, big cities and rural towns, the coasts and the heartland. But our social lives are shaped by a much stronger force that ignores many of these lines: distance,” the piece begins. Turns out that most Americans live much closer to the bulk of their friends that you might expect, even in this age of social-media-enabled digital community. And that means the ideas, perspectives, and information we’re exposed to are still deeply influenced by the people around us.

You can look up Smith County to see how local patterns compare to national ones, and see which counties are most closely connected to our own. Maybe someone can explain why there seems to be a strong connection between here and Loving County, way out on the western edge of the state? Or between Smith County and Colorado’s Hinsdale County, in particular? Tell us on Facebook.

Read something recently that helped you better understand Tyler, or Texas, or the rest of the great wide world? We’d love to read it, too—or watch, or listen. Share your recommend stories on our Facebook page!

Thanks for reading this story. Just one more thing. If you believe in the power of local journalism here in Tyler, I'm hoping that you'll help us take The Loop to the next level as part our winter membership drive.

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Tasneem Raja is the Executive Editor of The Tyler Loop, a nonprofit journalism startup that explores policy, history, and demographics in Tyler, Texas. She is an award-winning journalist who has reported for NPR, The New Yorker, the Atlantic, Mother Jones, and other national outlets. A former senior editor at NPR, she launched a popular podcast exploring issues of identity and race with NPR's Code Switch team. At Mother Jones, she specialized in data visualization and led a team that built the first-ever database of mass shootings in America. She's a pioneer in the field of data-driven digital storytelling, a frequent speaker on issues of digital journalism, and a die-hard fan of alt weeklies, where she got her start as a local reporter. She lives in Tyler with her husband, her stepson, and two imperious terriers.
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